EMI stands for Equated Monthly Instalment which is a fixed amount of payment a borrower has to make to the lender at a specified date on monthly basis. EMIs consists of your principal loan amount and interest amount, payable every month. Although the EMI remains fixed for every month, the amount paid towards principal and interest changes. The interest component constitutes a major portion of the EMI payment in the initial stages. However, as the loan period progresses and the principal outstanding reduces, the portion of interest repayment decreases. This happens until the end of the loan period when the entire loan amount has been paid off.